Event Update: Given a recent outbreak of influenza in the United States linked to people (mostly children) handling and petting pigs at agricultural fairs and petting zoos, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) has issued general advice for Canadians.
▲As of August 31, 2012, 289 cases of H3N2v have been reported in 2012 in the U.S., including one death. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) continues to monitor this situation closely and reports that confirmed cases with this new virus continue to be associated with exposure to pigs. While limited person-to-person spread of this virus has been detected and likely continues to occur sporadically, no sustained community transmission has been found.
The following was adapted from information provided by PHAC.
Although the strain of influenza involved, known as H3N2v (the “v” stands for variant), has not been detected in Canada, families should be aware that it could eventually be circulating in swine in this country. Many Canadian families visit agricultural fairs taking place at this time of year and may be exposed to this flu virus.
The H3N2v virus doesn't spread easily from swine to people - and even less easily from person to person. In most cases, the virus causes only mild illness in people. Still, even with the low risk, there are steps you can take to protect yourself and your loved ones.
What you should do
People of certain groups, including children younger than five, appear to be at higher risk of complications from the flu. Such individuals should consider avoiding pig barns or pens, especially if sick pigs have been identified.
If you do plan a trip to a petting zoo or fall fair, have fun and stay safe by following good precautionary measures.
Parents and caregivers
•Young children and infants are more susceptible to becoming sick from animal exposure compared to adults.
•Supervise children carefully around animals and make sure that they do not put their hands, or anything they find in the animal's area, in their mouths. Animal feed/treats and hay, for example, could spread disease.
•Be sure that children wash their hands thoroughly after visiting with animals.
•Don't allow toys or child equipment (strollers, etc.) into animal pens.
If you get sick
You may wish to check with your healthcare professional if you believe you have the flu and you:
•are 65 years or older
•have a weakened immune system
•experience severe symptoms
•experience symptoms lasting longer than seven days.
Make sure you tell your healthcare professional if you've been in contact with pigs before becoming ill.
Symptoms of an H3N2v flu infection
The symptoms are similar to other types of flu. They include:
•Fever (may not be present in the very young and old)
•Runny nose or congestion
•Diarrhea (in children 5 years or younger)
Who is most at risk?
Children younger than 14 years are at higher risk for getting sick with this flu.
As with any flu virus, young children, seniors, Aboriginal peoples, pregnant women and those with weakened immune systems because of other medical conditions are at greater risk for serious complications related to the flu.
Most of the cases of illness are associated with contact with swine. There is a low risk of person-to-person transmission.